Investigation of Neurology   Procedures

 

Unexplained seizures

Paresis / paralysis

Movement disorders

Cranial nerve abnormalities eg

  • trismus (lock jaw)
  • facial nerve parasis (dropped jaw)
  • vestibular signs
 

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Dog with severe neck pain: transverse (above) and sagital (right) MRI revealed degenerate discs at C5/6 and C6/7. They were removed and pain resolved

 neurocysticercosis 2

 Dog with sudden onset seizures and drifting to the right that had 13 tapeworm cysts in his brain (2 visible)

 

REIDDAISY D MISS.Ser4.Img6

 

Lesion localisation

CSF collection

MRI scan

fluorscopy guided disc aspirates

 

improved control of seizures in epileptics

           
           
Investigation of Cardiorespiratory medicine   Procedures
 

Unexplained murmur in a puppy

Exercise intolerance / fainting

Chronic cough

Chronic nasal discharge

Pleural effusion

Congestive heart failure

 
   P1120441  

ECG

Echocardiography

Draining pericardial effusion

Aspiration of thoracic mass

BAL

Tracheobronchoscopy

Rhinoscopy and biopsy

Placing thoracic drains

 
   scan03

 Top left: colour flow Doppler of a patent ductus arteriosus

Top right: ECG in progress

Bottom left: Continuous wave Doppler of a dog with mitral regurgitation and atrial fibrillation

 

 

 

       
   This dog presented with epistaxis (a nose bleed) for 6 months. The transverse CT image on the left shows a slice through the sinuses, eye socket, facial crest and nasal turbinates. The lower jaw and tongue appear separately below. There is a mass of the right of the hard palate (left on image) that contains mineral density (white material) and is destroying the hard palate and facial bones. It is growing into the eye socket. The image on the right is a 3D reconstruction of this CT showing the extent of the destruction this tumour has wrought on the bones of the face    
       
       
 Investigation of   Gastrointestinal problems    Procedures
 

Unexplained icterus

Acute / chronic vomiting

Chronic diarrhoea

Abdominal mass

Acute abdomen

Melena

Unexplained ascites

 

Ultrasound image of an intussusception

 

Partial intestinal obstruction by caeco-colic intussusception
(gut telescoping on gut) resulting in gas build-up in the gut

   

Abdominal ultrasound

Ultrasound guided FNA or biopsy

Hunting porto-systemic shunts

Contrast CT

Upper and lower GI endoscopy and biopsy

Retrieval of oesophageal or gastric foreign bodies

             
             
 Investigation of Urology      Procedures
 

Unexplained haematuria

Recurrent UTI

Dysuria / incontinence

Pu/pd

   

Urate crystals in urine of dog with 
porto-systemic shunt (severe liver problem)


Radiograph of a diabetic dog with emphysematous cystitis

   

Ultrasound guided drainage of prostatic abscesses

Cystoscopy (only larger dogs)

management of acute renal failure

contrast CT to find ectopic ureters

             
             
 Investigation of   Endocrinology    Procedures

Multiple endocrine abnormalities

Hypercalcaemia

suspected Cushing's

insulin resistance

 

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dog with a pituitary macroadenoma that was successfully removed surgically

 

Dog with Cushing's myotonia - 
stiff hind legs caused by a hormone problem

 

 stabilising diabetics

Intensive care of diabetic ketoacidosis

 
 

 RIGHT: Oliver, a diabetic cat

in hospital

for his glucose curve

 P1060698    
             
             
Investigation of Dermatology   Procedures

Chronic itching

Recurrent otitis

Symmetrical alopecias

Ulceration / crusting diseases

Draining sinus tracts

This dog had pus draining 
from wounds on his side for several months

An ultrasound showed a kebab stick had perforated his
stomach and stuck out between the ribs causing infection.

 

hyposensitisation

skin biopsies

management of auto-immune skin diseases

Myringotomies 

CT of the middle ear

 

 RIGHT: CT of the middle ear

of a Maltese with recurrent otitis

showing an expansile mass

(suspected cholesteatoma)

in the L middle ear

 QUEVAUVILLIERSTAMMY T MS.Ser3.Img34    
             
             
Investigation of Oncology   Procedures

diagnosis and staging of a variety of tumours

P1070817 P1070800  

ultrasound guided FNA

advanced imaging to stage and plan surgery

chemotherapy

in house cytology

Dog with an intra-nasal transmissible venereal tumour causing mild facial distortion that responded completely to vincristine treatment. Note round cells with characteristic punched out cytoplasmic vacuoles left  
             
             
 Investigation of Others      Procedures
 

Unexplained anaemias

Other cytopenias

Suspected immune-mediated disease

Bleeding abnormalities

Pyrexia of unknown origin

Peripheral oedema

 

Dog with low blood proteins causing fluid 
accumulation in abdomen and under skin

 

Petechiae caused by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia

 

bone marrow aspirates and biopsies

Blood pressure monitoring